usermod -- modify a user account


usermod [-c comment] [-d home_dir [ -m]] [-g initial_group] [-G group [,...]] [-l login_name] [-p passwd] [-s shell] [-u uid [ -o]] login


The usermod command shall modify an entry in the user account database.

The usermod command is a system administration utility, see Path For System Administration Utilities.


-c comment 

specifies the new value of the user's password file comment field.

-d home_dir 

specifies the user's new login directory. If the -m option is given the contents of the current home directory will be moved to the new home directory, which is created if it does not already exist.

-g initial_group 

specifies the group name or number of the user's new initial login group. The group name shall exist. A group number shall refer to an already existing group.

-G group,[...] 

specifies a list of supplementary groups which the user is also a member of. Each group is separated from the next by a comma, with no intervening whitespace. The groups are subject to the same restrictions as the group given with the -g option. If the user is currently a member of a group which is not listed, the user will be removed from the group.

-l login_name 

changes the name of the user from login to login_name. Nothing else is changed. In particular, the user's home directory name should probably be changed to reflect the new login name.

-p passwd 

is the encrypted password, as returned by crypt(3).

-s shell 

specifies the name of the user's new login shell. Setting this field to blank causes the system to select the default login shell.

-u uid [-o] 

specifies the numerical value of the user's ID. This value shall be unique, unless the -o option is used. The value shall be non-negative. Any files which the user owns and which are located in the directory tree rooted at the user's home directory will have the file user ID changed automatically. Files outside of the user's home directory shall be altered manually.